What are the different types of homicide charges?
Homicide, murder, manslaughter– three terms we often hear discussed to describe different versions of killing people. But, what are the differences in these terms and how are the terms used? Here is a quick overview:
Homicide: This term is often used interchangeably with murder or manslughter, but those are just two types of homicide. ‘Homicide” includes lawful killing (such as in self defense), intentional killing, state-sanctioned killing during war, and negligent or reckless killing.
Murder: While murder laws vary from state to state, most states recognize common degrees of murder, including:
- First degree murder— a premeditated act of violence to kill
- Second degree murder— an act intended to inflict bolidy harm, resulting in unpremeditated murder
- Felony murder— death caused during the commission of a dangerous felony
Manslaughter: Severals types of manslaughter categorize the unlawful killing of one human by another without malice, including:
- Involuntary manslaughter— refers to unintentional homicide from criminally negligent or reckless conduct; or unintentional killing through the commission of a crime other than a felony.
- Voluntary manslaughter— murder charges reduced due to mitigating circumstances (such as heat of passion or diminished capacity)
- Vehicular manslaughter— a charge to indicate a driver had no intent to kill or cause serious harm, but operated a vehicle with gross negligence.
As in all court cases, contributing factors allow the judge to change the degrees of charges and set bail. If you are in need of bail bond options, or would like to consult with experienced agents, contact us today.